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Dalet, a leading provider of solutions and services for media organizations and content professionals, announced today that JKN Global Media PCL Thailand (JKN) has invested in the Dalet Galaxy five Media Asset Management (MAM) and Workflow Orchestration platform to optimize content production and delivery across traditional, OTT and social media distribution outlets. The installation enables a comprehensive workflow transformation, taking the Thai-based media organization from manually managing assets to automated processes that optimize production and delivery efficiencies across the entire media operation. Headquartered in Nakhon Pathom, JKN Global Media, together with its subsidiaries, is a leading content distributor and licensing management business in Thailand. It is involved in the distribution of movies, TV series and documentaries for digital TV, cable satellite, home entertainment and OTT platforms. In addition to importing content from all over the world, JKN also produces original Thai-centric programming content for Discovery, History Channel and National Geographic. A large volume of JKN’s business is in the distribution of foreign language content to broadcasters, repackaging and dubbing this content into multiple languages in-house. It also plays out content to traditional and social platforms. With legacy workflows based on files and folders manually managed and exchanged from one group to the next, there was no integration, processes were time-consuming, and assets were left unenriched. “JKN Global Media had the core goal to increase overall productivity, in terms of content, and boost distribution efficiency by adopting facility-wide migration policies, automated transcoding, and expansive metadata tagging and tracking,” states Cesar Camacho, general manager, Dalet Asia Pacific. “With Dalet, they have succeeded in doing this. They now have a platform, with which they can better serve content to viewers on any platform and evolve their business in reselling content. The agility of Dalet Galaxy five allows JKN to expand its capabilities without implementing an entirely new system. For example, they can easily add orchestration to take advantage of emerging technologies such as AI.” With the goal of becoming more systemic and detail-accurate with regards to content management, JKN invested in Dalet Galaxy five. Moving from a legacy infrastructure that was characterized by pockets of content and asset management siloed across the facility, JKN has unified all of its systems and content repositories under one single platform with the flexibility to scale as business requires. Dalet Galaxy five provides browser-based access to content and assigns migration policies so content flows through a consistent process. All assets are centralized and detailed metadata tracking allows JKN to optimize the content use. Enriched metadata also means that it can pinpoint assets for production and delivery to all distribution outlets with far more efficiency. The full implementation of Dalet Galaxy five at JKN Global Media includes: Dalet Webspace for browser-based search and retrieval; Dalet AmberFin for orchestrated, high-quality transcoding; and Dalet Xtend for seamless workflow collaboration between Dalet Galaxy five, Adobe Premiere Pro and Avid ProTools. There are further integrations with Aspera for accelerated file transfer and Vidchecker for QC. The Dalet platform integrates fluently with JKN’s business management and content management systems, with the organization’s playout system, and with all major social media platforms for frictionless online publishing. Camacho adds, “Dalet’s entry into the Thai market comes hot on the heels of several key APAC customer expansions including ABS-CBN’s addition of Dalet at its Cebu news site in the Philippines and the enterprise rollout of the Dalet media asset management and workflow platform at Australia's Special Broadcasting Service. These diverse and large-scale implementations are a testament to Dalet’s ability to support broadcast networks transformation to faster, agile multiplatform content supply chains.”   About JKN Global Media PLC JKN Global Media PLC is a successful company in content management and content distribution business in Thailand. Last year on November 30th, 2017, JKN Global Media launched its first IPO at the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) among their business partners, broadcasters, investors and their Fan Clubs. Its headquarter is located at JKN Gallery Salaya, Nakhon Pathom province, which is a 30-minute drive from Bangkok. JKN Global Media, together with its subsidiaries, is a number one global content distributor and content management in Thailand. It is involved in the distribution of movies, series and documentaries to the local TV channels in all seven platforms; those are digital TV, Cable Satellite, Home Entertainment, Merchandise, Publishing, Over the Top (OTT) and Ancillary. JKN also produces original documentaries related to honorary HM, the King and Queen of Thailand to people around the world.   About Dalet Digital Media Systems Dalet solutions and services enable media organisations to create, manage and distribute content faster and more efficiently, fully maximising the value of assets. Based on an agile foundation, Dalet offers rich collaborative tools empowering end-to-end workflows for news, sports, program preparation, post-production, archives and enterprise content management, radio, education, governments and institutions.  Dalet platforms are scalable and modular. They offer targeted applications with key capabilities to address critical functions of small to large media operations - such as planning, workflow orchestration, ingest, cataloguing, editing, chat & notifications, transcoding, play out automation, multi-platform distribution and analytics.   Dalet solutions and services are used around the world at hundreds of content producers and distributors, including public broadcasters (BBC, CBC, France TV, RAI, RFI, Russia Today, RT Malaysia, SBS Australia, VOA), commercial networks and operators (Canal+, FOX, MBC Dubai, Mediacorp, Mediaset, Orange, Charter Spectrum, Warner Bros, Sirius XM Radio) and government organisations (UK Parliament, NATO, United Nations, Veterans Affairs, NASA).   Dalet is traded on the NYSE-EURONEXT stock exchange (Eurolist C): ISIN: FR0011026749, Bloomberg DLT:FP, Reuters: DALE.PA.   Dalet® is a registered trademark of Dalet Digital Media Systems. All other products and trademarks mentioned herein belong to their respective owners.   
  • Content Production
  • Multiplatform Distribution
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I’ve been thinking and reflecting on how to properly characterize this year’s show and the one word that kept surfacing to the top of my mind is audience. While IBC stayed true to its B2B roots, this year’s edition finally put the audience at the very center of every conversation, workflow and applied technology demonstration that you could possibly find across the RAI convention center. Acknowledging the deep market shifts, this year’s show revolved around audiences’ insatiable craving for fresh content and more personalised, immersive experiences on the devices and channels of their choice. For broadcasters and media organizations, it highlighted one thing: the need for greater agility, faster adaptation and collaborative innovation. Not only do media professionals need to think “out of the box” about linear broadcast and traditional consumption formats and devices, but they need to think tactically on how to build meaningful, complementary content experiences.   The Efficient Media Factory Multiplatform Production, Versioning and Automated Distribution This is a good segue to talk about how our agile Dalet Galaxy five platform is enabling broadcasters and media organizations to meet their audiences’ expectations and build strong, open foundation for future requirements. A key concern today is how to address the many outlets, program categories and flavors of a particular program simultaneously. Our Director of Product Strategy Kevin Savina explains in a Rapid TV News interview at IBC the complexities of delivering hyper-curated content to multiple platforms and how broadcasters and media organizations need to embrace the new way of thinking and working when it comes to building and distributing their content.   <iframe width="100%" height="400" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/UbX-BvEaySc" frameborder="0" allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen></iframe>   Agile platforms like Dalet Galaxy five drive workflows with a component-based approach, enabling industrialization of key industry standards like IMF and creating real business benefits and opportunities for international content distribution. More than a technical uplift, component-based workflows really allow an operation to change the value model and ultimately change the way the media business engages its viewers and customers who want to purchase their programs with hyper-targeted content delivered to any platform, any country en mass. Let’s take a real-life example with the leading European media brand Euronews. A finalist of the prestigious IBC Innovation Awards alongside Dalet, Euronews piloted a strategic transformation to put content customization at the heart of its operations. Tapping fully into the agility of the Dalet Galaxy platform and component-based workflows, Euronews, in essence, reinvented its broadcast journalism, taking its “one-size-fits-all” approach to news, which was one video with 11 voice-overs, into 12 distinct localized channels. They increased digital content output by 20% and television content by 100% with the same staff and headcount.   Johann Zemmour, Dalet General Manager, EMEA & APAC; Francois Schmitt, Euronews COO; Yannick Agaësse, Dalet Sales & Business Development Manager   Euronews achieved its vision and became the world’s first truly ‘Glocal’ news channel, providing audiences important global headlines with perspectives and viewpoints relevant to their regions, cultures and communities. This transformation also allowed Euronews to become the perfect media partner for advertisers looking to run impactful international advertising campaigns with the ability to adapt their message to the characteristics of local markets. Another great example of customer success is Sportcast, a subsidiary of DFL Deutsche Fußball Liga. Sportcast operates the largest digital football archive in the world. Producing the 617 yearly matches of the German Bundesliga and Bundesliga 2 for DFL, Sportcast manages the entire content value chain from the stadium to the world with the Dalet Galaxy platform. You can hear from them directly the importance of an agile platform in managing, enriching and delivering content:   <iframe width="100%" height="400" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/6Y2wKPtTYAQ" frameborder="0" allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen></iframe>     Live Show Production & Complementary Content Experiences With the launch of Dalet OnePlay at IBC, we had the chance to talk with many attendees about the importance of complementary content experience around live shows. I am happy to report here that our new solution received a very warm welcome from both the Dalet stand visitors and the press, nabbing the TVBEurope Best of Show Award for its innovation and outstanding product development. In the conversations we had, most media operations need a way to better control content and engage their audiences during live playout. Not everyone can afford to run every production device manually to get that granular control. It’s simply too costly and too cumbersome. Dalet OnePlay controls all core production device types, including video switchers and servers, cameras, audio mixing consoles, graphics, lighting, routers and more. In addition, it orchestrates multimedia content distribution, including social media delivery, thanks to the native connection with the Dalet Galaxy five orchestration layer. You can read more about Dalet OnePlay capabilities in the interview with Dalet OnePlay product line manager Raul Alba.   Raul Alba, Dalet Product Line Manager for Studio Production, Broadcast Graphics, and I/O Solutions   Making Media Businesses Smarter. The AI Revolution! The notions of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) may sometimes remain a bit difficult to grasp. Well, we have a suggestion: get the benefits of AI, not the complexity! At IBC2018, we revealed the first version of Dalet Media Cortex, a cloud service that enables media organizations to connect and orchestrate various types of AI technologies everywhere they add value to operations & business. A plug-and-play service, the first release of Dalet Media Cortex enables media organizations to consume cognitive services such as celebrity identification, label, brand and scene detection, sentiment analysis, and visual content moderation, on demand in a pay-as-you-go model. The AI-generated data is then displayed at various levels of the Dalet Galaxy five application, in a set of new intuitive UIs, to provide contextual, actionable insights and recommendations to the users.     The full launch of Dalet Media Cortex will be in Q1 2019 and you can learn more about our AI as well as social media plans in the What Caught My Eye’s Business Transformation session - see video below, starting at 41:20 and until 46:20 - featuring Dalet VP of Marketing Arnaud Elnecave:     Connecting a Globally Distributed Workforce Also making its debut at IBC2018, the new Dalet OneCut remote editing workflow was demonstrated on the stand by product line manager Golan Tsarfaty. The new remote editing capabilities give journalists out in the field a way to upload materials easily as well as develop stories remotely using content from the central newsroom and archives. They can submit drafts or finalize their piece from anywhere. You can learn more about this remarkable workflow in this in-depth interview with Golan. This feature is the perfect illustration of decades of R&D and innovation in collaborative media workflows. Collaboration is a core concept of the Dalet Galaxy platform and spans across the entire workflow: from planning through scripting, production all the way through broadcast and distribution. All of these activities are served by a single, unified content catalogue and accessible from multiple devices. Shared media bins make the life of teams easier than ever, chat rooms allow users to open up projects quickly, using ad-hoc groups to exchange media, scripts and ideas. Last but not least, collaborative script editing in editorial workflows is a game-changing feature!   Thank You, Dalet Community! I could not conclude this blog article without praising the amazing Dalet community! Dalet Pulse was once again a unique demonstration of how powerful, diverse and vibrant our community is today. On behalf of the entire Dalet Team, thank you to everyone for attending and engaging in so many discussions around the latest technology and business trends, as well as sharing best practices and use cases. Also a big thank you to our event sponsors and key partners Adobe, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Quantum and Dell EMC. See you soon...   Any questions? Did you miss us at the show? Let’s talk or meet at our next event!  
  • IBC Show
  • Audience Experiences
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Where does Dalet OneCut sit in the Dalet ecosystem and in the news production workflow? One of our key focuses at Dalet is to offer true unified news operations for news organizations. As part of this mission, we have developed a powerful, multimedia editing tool for journalists and storytellers: Dalet OneCut.   How is Dalet OneCut different from other editing tools out there? In developing Dalet OneCut, our goal was to pinpoint the functionality storytellers, like journalists, needed most. We designed Dalet OneCut to be a simple-to-use editor that focused on their needs specifically. This allows them to efficiently and creatively produce their stories. The new release of Dalet OneCut, which we will be showcasing at IBC2018, includes a standalone version that incorporates the same exact features as the Dalet OneCut that today serves thousands of users within the Dalet Galaxy five environment. If a user is familiar with the connected Dalet Galaxy five version of OneCut, there is no additional training needed to edit their piece in the field or on-premise in the newsroom. The consistency of workflows between in-the-field and on-premise operations is a big advantage for users as they don’t have to sacrifice any features to work remotely.   What hurdles do journalists face today in preparing their news packages? We have received several requests from news organizations looking for us to provide a seamless way for journalists to contribute content from the field with the ability to  finish or partially finish their story remotely. Previously, there was no efficient way for journalists in the field to easily access and use the newsroom’s central content catalog to prepare their news packages and deliver these back to the newsroom. With Dalet OneCut, we solved two things. First, we give journalists a way to quickly upload content from the field. Second, we give them the ability to share story drafts as well as finalize and submit their piece from anywhere, using content they captured in the field as well as content from the central newsroom catalog and archives. When a journalist does submit a story, whether it is work-in-progress or complete, Dalet OneCut knows to only upload the locally captured media used in the package, while Dalet Galaxy five on the receiving end links the on-premise content when the package is received. Not having to move all of the local and on-premise media files back and forth saves an enormous amount of time and resources. And with a direct link to their Dalet Galaxy five environment through Dalet OneCut, journalists can render straight to a placeholder, which is important for airing fast-breaking news. No other remote editing workflow has this type of flexibility.   What hurdles do news broadcasters face when supporting journalists in the field? For broadcasters, there is a big IT challenge to set up remote workflows. Remote connection requires VPN licensing, added security, and dedicated infrastructure to set up properly. In Dalet remote editing workflows, we leverage the cloud to address many of these issues. Dalet OneCut in the field and Dalet Galaxy five utilize intermediate media that is located on the cloud. Journalists are not actually connecting directly to the on-premise Dalet Galaxy five environment, and this eliminates security issues. The overhead is minimal, there is no need for a VPN or any VDI-like connection. Keeping costs under control ticks off an important box for broadcasters.   You are showing the new Dalet Remote Editing multimedia content production tool at IBC - what are the cool features and capabilities attendees should see? In terms of Dalet OneCut editing improvements, we will be showing multiple video layers and graphics tracks that journalists have been requesting. We’ll be showing the redesigned effects palette, which provides a simplified approach to creating effects. Users can do simple or advanced boxing with positioning, scale, video rotation, cropping and feathering on multiple layers. We have also added simplified keyframing for adding effects, and users can now easily overlay text in Dalet OneCut. In terms of remote editing specifically, of course we will show our creation of MPEG-DASH, either locally or on the cloud, on S3. We will show the ability to edit remote content directly out of S3, while smartly downloading only the portion that I want to have on my timeline so I can continue editing from that file, even if the network connection is unstable. We will also show how you can cut 10 seconds from an hour-long file, then smartly download only the 10 seconds of media that is needed; create a voiceover, finalize the piece, and then send back to the site to be rendered on-premise/in the newsroom. The entire team has been working really hard on these remote workflow innovations. We first showcased it in private presentations to a number of beta customers and personally, I'm really excited to showcase it publicly at IBC2018!    
  • Remote Editing
  • Multisite Operations
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FINANCIAL NEWS
en millions d'euros S1 2017 S1 2018 Variation Chiffre d’affaires 22,7 25,2 +11% Achats de matériels et services associés 2,7 3,0 +9% Marge brute commerciale 20,0 22,2 +11% Autres coûts des ventes 7,9 9,0 +13% Marge brute 12,0 13,2 +10% Taux de marge brute 53% 52% - Frais de R&D 6,0 6,4 +7% Frais de marketing et vente 4,9 4,8 -1% Frais généraux et administratifs 2,6 2,7 +3% Résultat opérationnel courant (1,4) (0,7) +49% Résultat opérationnel (1,4) (0,7) +48% Résultat net part de groupe (1,9) (0,9) +56% DALET, spécialiste de solutions logicielles pour la création, la gestion et la diffusion de contenus multimédias à destination des broadcasteurs, opérateurs et producteurs de contenu, publie ses résultats semestriels au titre de son exercice 2018. Au 1er semestre 2018, le chiffre d’affaires s’est établi à 25,2 M€, matérialisant une solide croissance organique de 11%. La marge brute, qui inclut les coûts directs liés aux services, a progressé à un rythme comparable à celui des ventes à 13,2 M€, avec un taux qui reste pratiquement stable en comparaison de l’exercice précédent. Le groupe a continué d’accroître de façon maîtrisée ses efforts de Recherche et de Développement, à un niveau inférieur à celui de la croissance des ventes, renforçant ainsi son effet de levier opérationnel. La progression du volume d’affaires s’est accompagnée d’une gestion rigoureuse des charges d’exploitation, avec une stabilisation des frais de marketing et une hausse très modérée des frais généraux et administratifs. En conséquence, le résultat opérationnel courant s’améliore de 0,7 M€, réduisant la perte semestrielle à -0,7 M€. Le Groupe rappelle que compte tenu de la saisonnalité de son chiffre d’affaires, le premier semestre est traditionnellement en pertes. Après prise en compte des effets de change, le résultat net part du groupe s’établit à -0,9 M€, soit une amélioration de 1M€ par rapport à l’exercice précédent.   Capacité d’autofinancement de 1 M€ - Structure financière solide Les flux de trésorerie générés par l’activité s’élèvent à 0,6 M€, la capacité d’autofinancement positive de 1,0 M€ ayant été en partie absorbée par une variation de BFR ponctuellement défavorable. Sur la période, DALET a également poursuivi ses investissements nets à hauteur de 2,0 M€ et affiche une trésorerie nette de 0,7 M€ au 30 juin. Perspectives DALET confirme ses objectifs d’une croissance annuelle comprise entre 5 et 10% accompagnée d’une marge opérationnelle courante comprise entre 5% et 6% au 31 décembre 2018. Dans un marché actuellement plus attentiste, le Groupe entend capitaliser sur le succès des solutions présentées au salon IBC Amsterdam (13 au 18 septembre) pour engranger de nouvelles prises de commandes au cours des prochains mois. Prochain rendez-vous Publication du chiffre d’affaires du 3ème trimestre 2018 le 6 novembre 2018 après Bourse À propos de DALET Digital Media Systems Les solutions DALET permettent aux diffuseurs et aux professionnels des médias de créer, de gérer et de distribuer des contenus pour les médias traditionnels et de nouvelle génération, y compris les supports Web interactifs et réseaux mobiles. DALET Galaxy regroupe une plateforme de gestion des contenus multimédia (MAM) et un moteur de workflow, permettant de gérer des programmes d’informations, de sports et de divertissement, ainsi que les opérations d’archivage. DALET offre une solution complète qui améliore la vitesse et la qualité de production et donne davantage de valeur au contenu multimédia. Les outils DALET sont utilisés dans le monde entier par des milliers de producteurs de contenus, y compris des opérateurs publics de télévision et de radio (ABS-CBN, BBC, DR, FMM, France TV, Radio Canada, RAI, RFI, Russia Today, RT Malaysia, VOA), les plus grands réseaux et opérateurs privés (Canal+, Fox, eTV, MBC Dubai, MediaCorp, Mediaset, Orange, Time Warner Cable, Warner Bros., Sirius-XM) et des organismes gouvernementaux (Parlement Britannique, NATO, Nations Unies, Veterans Affairs, NASA). DALET est côté sur Euronext Paris compartiment C. ISIN: FR0011026749, Bloomberg DLT:FP, Reuters: DALE.PA, Mnémo: DLT. Plus d’informations sur www.DALET.com.   Contacts Actus Finance & Communication : Investisseurs : Théo Martin 01 53 67 36 36 Presse-Médias : Vivien Ferran 01 53 67 36 34                 ANNEXES : INFORMATION FINANCIÈRE S1 2018 DETAILLÉE   COMPTE DE RÉSULTAT PAR DESTINATION 30 juin 2017 30 juin 2018 (en milliers d'euros) 6 mois 6 mois       Chiffre d'affaires 22 694 25 166 Cout des ventes - 10 657 - 11 965 Marge brute 12 037 13 201 Frais de Recherche et Développement - 5 992 - 6 423 Frais de marketing et vente - 4 890 -4 839 Frais généraux et administratifs - 2 600 - 2 674 Résultat opérationnel courant - 1 445 - 734 Autres produits et charges opérationnels 76 16 Résultat opérationnel -1 369 - 718 Charges et produits financiers - 325 110 Résultat courant avant impôt - 1 694 - 608 Impôts sur les résultats - 246 - 246 Résultat net de l'ensemble consolidé - 1 940 - 854 Résultat net part du groupe - 1 940 - 854         BILAN 31-12-2017 30-06-2018 (en milliers d’euros)           Goodwill 5 476 5 481 Immobilisations incorporelles 5 034 5 009 Immobilisations corporelles 1 286 1 197 Actifs financiers à long terme 349 389 Disponibilités bloquées à long terme 417 409 Autres actifs non courants 2 343 2 695 Impôts différés actifs 58 57 ACTIF NON COURANT 14 963 15 236 Stocks 353 302 Clients 1 7823 18 459 Autres débiteurs 1 288 2 115 Trésorerie et équivalent trésorerie 6 528 4 522 Actifs d’impôt exigible 412 365 ACTIF COURANT 26 404 25 764 TOTAL ACTIF 41 366 41 000       Capital 7 189 7 189 Primes 9 682 9 682 Réserves consolidées -3 904 -3 187 Résultat net part du groupe 727 -854 Réserves de conversion 1 495 1 450 Capitaux propres part du groupe 15 189 14 279 Intérêts minoritaires 9 9 CAPITAUX PROPRES 15 198 14 289 Dettes financières à long terme 2 550 2 700 Provisions à long terme 733 711 Impôt différés passifs 548 671 Autres passifs non courants 811 863 PASSIF NON COURANT 4 641 4 946 Provisions à court terme 609 154 Dettes financières à court terme 1 789 1 487 Dettes d’impôt exigible 101 36 Fournisseurs 3 077 3 475 Dettes fiscales et sociales 4 583 4 856 Autres créditeurs 11 369 11 757 PASSIF COURANT 21 527 21 765 TOTAL PASSIF 41 366 41 000     TABLEAU DES FLUX DE TRÉSORERIE NETTE 30 juin 2017 31 déc 2017 30 juin 2018 (en milliers d'euros) 6 mois 12 mois 6 mois Résultat net consolidé (y compris intérêts minoritaires) -1940 728  -854 +/- Dotations nettes aux amortissements et provisions (à l’exclusion de celles liées à l’actif circulant) 1 764 4 397 1 619 +/- Perte de valeur sur actifs à long terme       +/ - Charges et produits calculés liés aux stock-options et assimilés 42 72 29 -/+ Autres produits et charges calculés       -/+ Plus et moins-values de cession 2 6 -8 Capacité d’autofinancement après coût de l’endettement financier net et impôt -132 5 202 786 + Coût de l’endettement financier net 32 7 -68 +/- Charge d’impôt (y compris impôts différés) 246 754 246 Capacité d’autofinancement avant coût de l’endettement financier net et impôt (A) 146 5 963 964 - Impôts versé (B) - 247 - 480 - 236 +/- Variation du B.F.R. lié à l'activité (y compris dette liée aux avantages au personnel) (C) 2447 -449 -102 = FLUX NET DE TRÉSORERIE GÉNÉRÉ PAR L'ACTIVITÉ (D) = (A + B + C) 2 345 5 035 626         - Décaissements liés aux acquisitions d'immobilisations corporelles et incorporelles -1 764 -3 602 -2 000 + Encaissements liés aux cessions d'immobilisations corporelles et incorporelles 76 83 28 +/- Incidence des variations de périmètre       +/- Variation des prêts et avances consentis -72 10 -30 = FLUX NET DE TRÉSORERIE LIÉ AUX OPÉRATIONS D’INVESTISSEMENT (E) -1 761 -3 509 -2 002         -/+ Rachats et reventes d’actions propres -9 -1 -28 + Encaissements liés aux nouveaux emprunts 423 1 020 800 - Remboursements d'emprunts (y compris contrats de location financement) -649 -1 411 -614 - Intérêts financiers nets versés (y compris contrats de location financement) -24 6 67 +/- Autres flux liés aux opérations de financement -712 -727 -904 = FLUX NET DE TRÉSORERIE LIÉ AUX OPÉRATIONS DE FINANCEMENT (F) -971 -1 114 -679         +/- Incidence des variations des cours des devises (G) -225 -357 -28         = VARIATION DE LA TRÉSORERIE NETTE (D + E + F + G) -612 55 -2 083         Trésorerie à la clôture de la période       Trésorerie et équivalents - découverts bancaires 5 701 6 367 4 284         Trésorerie à l'ouverture de la période       Trésorerie et équivalents - découverts bancaires 6 313 6 313  6 367      
  • Finance
  • Chiffre d'affaires
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